Vaastu FAQs

1.    What is Vaastu Shastra?
Answer: The science, which deals with the construction of houses, palaces, temples and town, is called vaastu shastra. It reads the characteristic of houses and explains the effect of the same to the inmate of houses.

2.    Why one should refer to the Vaastu?
Answer: The sciences like astrology, palmistry and numerology, if practiced and culminated its bad effects, it may some how nullified its negative aspects but destiny cannot be changed by referring the science called Occult.

3.    What is the ideal plot/ house?
Answer: The ideal plot is the one whose length and breadth are same and ideally facing each side of plot to exact north direction, south direction, east direction and west direction, and the house constructed in this plot shall also be ideal, if utility rooms are constructed as per the norms of Vaastu Shastra.

4.    Why directions are important in Vaastu Shastra?
Answer: The Sun, as our ancestor revealed long back is the only source of light and heat for human and other living being, from where we are able to live and feel the presence and direction of object. Therefore, the Sun, rising Sun is like a god, who gives us our essentials to live in, and the direction from where it is apparent to the entire world is taken as reference as the EAST direction. So the East direction is considered to the pious direction from where we get our main essentials. If we face the rising sun, the facing direction is called East, behind us shall be West, our left hand denotes North direction and right hand denotes South direction, therefore, the effect of the direction leads to its result to the building / house constructed therein.

5.    What is the best direction of the house?
Answer: The house/building faces east or north direction, the same is called auspicious subject to the other factors also laid down as per Vaastu Shastra.

6.    What should be the proportion of length and breadth of house?
Answer: Ideally, the proportion between length and breadth should be 1:1.

7.    Does the size of rooms affect the fortune of the person who is living in?
Answer: Yes, the size of length, breadth or both effects the fortune of inmates.

8.    What are the main factors to be considered regarding the door of the house?
Answer: As per the Vaastu Shastra, the number of doors and windows of a house should be even in numbers.

9.    Can facing of main door be decided?
Answer: Yes, the zodiac sign of the owner of the house, on whose name the deed of house is made can be taken as reference, and according to zodiac sign of the owner main door can be fixed. But since the houses are used generation after generation and in every generation the owner of house is changed the main door if fitted as per the location of plot and road abutting according to Vaastu Shastra then only it may be considered auspicious.

10. What should be the depth of the foundation for a house?
Answer: As per Vaastu Shastra the foundation should be of 9 feet, but presently as because of sky rise multi-story building are coming up, day by day, the depth of foundation shall depend on the load bearing capacity of soil and the number of storey, going to be constructed and the material to be used for construction.

11. Is Vaastu linked to any religion?
No. It is a science of structures and religion does not come in to the picture.

12. What are the effects on a tenant?
The question of ownership does not arise. Whoever occupies and stays in the building is the recipient of the effect.

13. Is astrology a part of Vaastu?
No. Efforts are made to include the astrological aspects of the owner. This can only make the subject a pseudo science. Further the question of ownership itself may be ticklish to determine in cases of properties owned by more than one individual. The best benefit of Vaastu will be available to the entire if it is treated only as a science of structures.

14. How do we know if we are living in a Vaastu defective building?
Easy! If you are facing inexplicable problems, which are normally not expected, then you should suspect Vaastu.

15. Should one correct all defects? It may not be possible and expensive too?
Not necessary. Only prominent defects need to be corrected so that the energy flow changes for the better. The other defects can remain, if on the overall, a structure has a positive presence it will give good effect notwithstanding a few mistakes here and there.

16. What are the guidelines for Industries, offices, commercial establishments’ etc?
Basically the same. Build the structure so as to have a positive atmosphere inside. The principles remain the same as those for residential buildings.

17. When is the best time to adopt Vaastu?
While selecting plots and while the design of the house is still on the drawing board. At this time it is very easy to incorporate all Vaastu norms with out sacrificing aesthetics, comforts or economy of construction.

18. Is not the natural topography the best?
Unfortunately no. Nature does not seem to have designed any thing keeping the comfort of the human organism. On the other hand it is the organism, which modifies itself to suit nature. Vaastu is one such modification that is necessary when levels are considered.

19. Is Vaastu linked to any religion?
No. It is a science of structures and religion does not come in to the picture.

20. What are the effects on a tenant?
The question of ownership does not arise. Whoever occupies and stays in the building is the recipient of the effect.

21. Is astrology a part of Vaastu?
No. Efforts are made to include the astrological aspects of the owner. This can only make the subject a pseudo science. Further the question of ownership itself may be ticklish to determine in cases of properties owned by more than one individual. The best benefit of Vaastu will be available to the entire if it is treated only as a science of structures.

22. How do we know if we are living in a Vaastu defective building?
Easy! If you are facing inexplicable problems which are normally not expected then you should suspect Vaastu.

23. Should one correct all defects? It may not be possible and expensive too?
Not necessary. Only prominent defects need to be corrected so that the energy flow changes for the better. The other defects can remain.If on the overall, a structure has a positive presence it will give good effect notwithstanding a few mistakes here and there.
24. What are the guidelines for Industries, offices, commercial establishments etc?
Basically the same. Build the structure so as to have a positive atmosphere inside. The principles remain the same as those for residential buildings.

25. When is the best time to adopt Vaastu?
While selecting plots and while the design of the house is still on the drawing board. At this time it is very easy to incorporate all Vaastu norms with out sacrificing aesthetics, comforts or economy of construction.

26. Is not the natural topography the best?
Unfortunately no. Nature does not seem to have designed any thing keeping the comfort of the human organism. On the other hand it is the organism which modifies itself to suit nature. Vaastu is one such modification that is necessary when levels are considered.

27. What is the relationship between geography and Vastu Shastra?

Vastu Shastra takes the geographical aspect into account. In fact, it recommends the location of different rooms and open areas only after considering climactic conditions and geographical aspects. India is a large country with varying climactic conditions and sunrise and sunset timings. The sunset timings in the eastern part of the country and the western part of Rajasthan vary by two hours. Vastu suggests that the kitchen be constructed in the south-west in the foothills of the Himalayas and the south-east Uttar Pradesh. In Kerala, it is recommended in the north-east. The recommendations have been made considering the climactic conditions and geographical latitude and longitude. It should be remembered that geography changes from the Indo-gangetic plains to the Deccan Plateau to the southern peninsula. Considering the basic rules, a practical approach is necessary before final recommendations.
28. What is the relation between material forms and energy ?
As per the Stapathya Veda, which is part of Atharva Veda, all material forms of the universe are energies. The earth is a living organism with consciousness permeating through every atom. This is the basic quality of free space that surrounds us. If we live in harmony with nature, both our physical and mental well – being will be protected. Vaastu is the science of architecture which teaches us how to turn the non – manifest energy into manifest material forms. It co – ordinates between energy, space, time and material forms. The idea behind this philosophy is that the constructed space has to vibrate with the individual spirit of the dweller.

29. What do you mean by positive and negative energy ?
The earth is a part of the universe. The whole universe is controlled by energy which is present in every material substance of the universe. The pranic energy that produces negative ions directly in the area of indirectly affecting all living beings is positive. It increases the immunity of all living beings and improves health and happiness of the people living the area. It induces positive voltage in the people. So it is the root of vital energy of the people. The pranic energy or any other source of energy that produces positive ions in the area directly or indirectly is negative energy. It reduces the immunity of the dweller and affects his health and happiness. It produces negative voltage and reduces vital energies.

30. What is the relationship between Vaastu and the electromagnetic field ?
The human body is directly related to cosmic channels and the telluric channel. Thermal field, magnetic field, electric field are all connected to each other. The human body is a conductor and so exposure to any field will provoke a response in the body. The human body normally has a slightly higher voltage than the earth and any increase in that level can disturb the body. The stronger the field we find ourselves in, the more readily we feel such radiation. The higher the voltage, the higher it will be in our. The energy field changes as per the surrounding environment. When we are with positive energy, it brings in a positive emotional balance and well – being in the body. All changes, whether material, emotional or physical are all related to the changes which take place in the electromagnetic field.

31. What is the relationship between the five basic elements and forces of nature?
The five basic elements are the sky, air, water, fire and earth. Each of these necessary basic elements directly affect the natural forces. The sages, being knowledgeable, postulated the basics in the language of religion and social customs which was generally understood by one and all. The forces of nature and the five basic elements are associated as under : sky – cosmic energy, air – direction of wind and its intensity, water – gravitational attraction of the earth, fire – solar radiation and heat, earth – geo-energy and magnetic field of the earth. These forces control human activity and the phenomenon of seeing, touching, hearing, inhaling oxygen, air and energy to activate the thinking process. These forces of nature control and regulate life. Vastu takes care of all these basic elements.

32. What is the importance of the direction of the sky?
It is a known fact that there are eight directions. But according to Vastu, there are ten directions in total including the four cardinal directions (north, south, east, west) and four sub directions (north-east, north-west, south-east and south-west). Aakash (sky) is the ninth directions and pataal (nadir) is the tenth direction. Cosmic energy is represented by aakash or the direction of the sky. On the other hand, this is infinite and absolute while, on the other, it is available throughout the year, 24 hours a day. In fact, while solar rays and energy rays are available for only 12 hours on a sunny day, cosmic rays and energy are available all throughout the day as well as the night. Moreover, cosmic rays can penetrate the surface of the earth. That is why the direction of the sky or aakash is important.

33. How can colours influence Vaastu ?
Colours are a very important constituent when planning the layout of the building. It has an influence on the human mind and body. It is not very expensive, quick to use and can change the visual sight and shape of the room. Not only can it add to the beauty of the room, it also adds vitality and warmth. Colors contrast is obtained by the use of colours of extremely strong chromes. The co lour of an object depends upon the light it emits. While colours depicts day as opposed to black. Red is associated with parades. Blue is for harmony and work. Purple stands for dignity, green for nature, yellow for sunshine. Pink is for good health.

34. How should colours be used to best effect ?
Colours affect our bodies and minds. Pleasing colours schemes can be made by using a variety of colours depending upon the user’s choice and preferences. Greenish – blue mixed with white or grey makes a beautiful wall colour and against this background, orange looks very good because it complements. With this combination, brown furniture looks very attractive, interior decoration means keeping the colour scheme in tune with the size and shape of the room. A bedroom is intended for rest, so the colour should be delicate and soft, which gives a calm and restful ambience. On the other hand, a living room may be made more lively and dramatic with contrasting shades and colored objects. A nursery, or a baby’s room should have bright colour because they can only see bright shades. It should be kept in mind that a colour attains its true appearance in bright daylight.

35. How does a particular colour activate human glands ?
As per Vaastu Shastra guidelines, a particular colour can activate or can control human glands. Colours can stimulate appetite or excitement to a low – blood pressure patient. Red colour is specially recommended because red is associated with the element of fire and it gives impetus to eat and drink more. This is the reason why Chinese restaurant prefer shades of red in their restaurants. As a corollary to this, blue colour stops over – eating habits. So for patients suffering from obesity, the blue colour is recommended. For a high – blood pressure patient, a light colour like off – white will be helpful. Similarly, green is associated with healing, so its widely used in operation theatres. If you want to enjoy your meal, you must be surrounded by golden – yellow or tinted brown.

36. Vaastu Shastra is around 4000 years old. How it is relevant in modern times?
The principles of Vaastu Shastra is an admixture of astronomy, movement of the earth, influence of the sun, moon, wind direction, magnetic field, gravitation and nature sciences. The effect of Vaastu is permanent because the earth has been revolving around the sun in a geo – stationery orbit from time immemorial, due to the magnetic effect caused by its rotation. Due to the magnetic properties of the earth, the magnetic needle of the compass tends towards north. Vaastu is based on the permanent magnetic property of the earth. Since all these natural sciences and the movement of the earth and the sun is permanent, the effect is also permanent and will remain so in the times to come.

37. Why should you opt for a plot of land that has a uniform shape?
The directions and their influence have a powerful shape on human life. Vastu principles aim to harness the directional positions to the advantage of men. The geometrical axis of the plot should be aligned with the magnetic field of the earth. Plots which do not have a uniform shape have boundary lines that are not parallel to the magnetic axis which is important for the uninterrupted flow of energy. Vastu lays emphasis on north/east directions. The east is a gateway to the sun’s rays while the north is identified as a pole star. Energy that emanates from the earth’s surface forms a grid around the globe. This energy is oriented magnetically in the north-south direction and in the east-west direction. This bio-electric magnetic field affects the human mind and body. So, uniform plots are preferred because the magnetic lines of force are evenly distributed.

38. What is the ideal ratio for a plot ?
As per Vaastu Shastra guidelines, the plot should be a square or a rectangle having a ratio of 1:2. The east and west direction should be more than that of north and south. All – round open spaces are recommended. A plot having triangles, a round space, hexagon, octagon or polygon or other odd shapes are not good. However, the said plots can be corrected before being used. As a thumb rule, all the four angles should be 90 degree, but never more. North – west angles should also be close to 90 degree or more, but never less. North – east angles should be 90 degree or less but never more. For instance, the distance from the north – east corner to the south – west corner should always be more than the distance from the north – west to the south – east corner.

39. What are Shoolas as per Vaastu Shastra?
Obstructions or Shoolas on the site mainly occur in the form of roads, trees, wells, pillars, gutters, water bodies and temples. For instance, it is laid down that a house should never be built under the shadow of a Gopuram. It is evident that even our forefathers realized the ill effects caused by obstructing sunshine and breeze by tall buildings. This is something we need to adopt nowadays. The most common modern day Shoola is the road. This Shoola occurs when a perpendicular road meets along the site frontage. It calls for remedial measures that can prevent people on the perpendicular road from looking into the house. The door of the house should never directly face the road. This prevents the invasion of privacy.
What are the recommended shapes for sites or plots of land?
The best shape is square, rectangular or circular. A triangular site or one with an odd number of sides should be strictly avoided, though this can be amended by adding a small additional side. Pandits today recommend a four sided site, tapering to the north-east. A site is considered propitious, which drains water from the south-west to the north-east. However, since most urban housing sites are rectangular, obstructions can be amended, the site selection today doesn’t usually involve a pandit. Various other tests mentioned in the Grihasutra for determining soil quality are rarely, if ever performed today. Since building materials come from areas far away from the site, poor soil can be easily compensated.

40. What are the basic guidelines for Vaastu designing ?
The thumb rule for Vaastu designing in the northern and eastern regions is that there should be more open space. In the southern and the western regions, the construction should be closer to the boundary wall. It is advised that the heavier structures be made in the south – west corner or along with the south and western zones. It is due to the fact that all the four corners of a plot is divided into five basic elements and south – west is called the earth zone. The north – east is called water zone. Lighter structures should be placed in the north – east side and heavier structures should be towards the south – west zone. Similarly, it is advisable to slope the roof slabs from west to east or south – west to north – east.

41. What are the benefits of locating kitchen in the south – east corner of the building ?
As per Vaastu Shastra guidelines, the kitchen should be placed in the south – east direction of the building. More space should be left towards the east. This is recommended due to the reason that the moving sun rising from the east moves towards the southern arc, because of the rotation of the earth. This has a better vantage position to pump beneficial sun – rays in the south -east aspect of the earth, which is capable of cleaning the food stuff present in the kitchen. Beneficial sunrays contain Vitamin E and D which are very good for the bones. Similarly the food stuff gets additional power and strength to reinforce the calcium content in the human system. Moreover, a plot is divided into five cardinal zones and the south – east is marked as the zone of fire. Hence, its advantageous to have the kitchen in the south – east.

42. What is the scientific reason for locating the bedroom in the south – west corner of the house ?
Out of the five elements, the south – west is ruled by earth elements and is most stable. Since India is in the northern hemisphere, the Indian Peninsula is exposed to more ultraviolet sunrays which gives more heat and less light. So, it is best to locate the bedroom, dining hall and multi – purpose rooms in this direction. In case there is less space between the compound and the main wall, due to the Joule Thompson effect, the hot breeze generated by the solar energy gets even more heated in the southern and western zones. Since hot air becoming lighter goes up, cool air from the north – east zone occupy the area. By this process, the hottest air turns cooler due to the compression of air molecules, pressurized by small horizontal openings. This is why the bedroom should be located in the south – west.

43. What is the relationship between physical body and different energies ?
The physical bodies are made up of five elements and the etheric body consists of three energies. These energies are magnetic, thermic and electric. A balanced environment around our surroundings is responsible for creating balanced etheric bodies. Disbalance is the reason for weak physical body. For a healthy physical body, a balanced etheric energy is essential. Every human being takes two types of energies from the environment and telluric which collectively forms the essential energy at chest having a wavelength of 15.3 cm. The thermic field is the outermost field of the physical body at 80 cm from body surface having a wavelength of 2.5 cm. The magnetic field at a distance of 40 cm has a wavelength of 5.7 cm. The closest to the body surface is the electrical field at 20 cm, having a wavelength of 7.8 cm. All these energies affect us on the visible physical body level as well as invisible etheric body.

44. What is the relationship between Vaastu and health ?
The whole Universe consists of five elements of nature and human life is dependent on five gyan indriyas and karm indriyas. The elements of nature or Panchabhuta affect human life physically and spiritually. Vaastu in its true sense means the proper use of panchabhutas. Vayu is important for ventilation. Windows should be constructed at proper sites for cross-ventilation. There should be flow of wind from south-west to north-east, depending on the pattern of monsoons. Adequate sunlight should be allowed in the house as it is essential for human life. Water is the useful life force. The right location of underground and overhead tanks ensures supply of water purified through sunrays. Levelling of land and proper flow towards north-east gives tranquility to body and mind as the earth is the most important element.

45. What are the special guidelines for modern multi-storied flats of apartments?
In city life, there is paucity of space and very few can afford to live in bungalows, so multi-storied flats have come to stay. As per Vaastu Shastra, there is no specific guidelines for flat system. But the basic rules of the Shastra should be applied during the construction. In this regard, it is preferable to have four flats per floor so that maximum open area can be provided with the natural atmosphere. In case a building has one or two flats per floor, it is advisable that there are offsets in every floor, by which each of the flats may have sufficient exposure to natural environment.

46. What are the guidelines for the placement of gates in the compound of a house or a multi-storied building?
According to the standard texts, the gates should be placed in exalted regions only. It depends on the main entrance of the building as well as the approaching roads. The east facing side should have the gate on the east of north-east. On the other hand, if it is a west facing side, the west of the north-west facing region should be utilised for the construction of the gates. A south facing side should have the gate on the south of south-east. No building should have gates on the south or west of south-west. Similarly, the north of the north-west and east of south-east should be avoided.

47. What are the Vaastu Shastra guidelines for the floor levels of the house?
The ancient texts of Vaastu Shastra do not contain any guidelines for a split level flooring. So it is safe and better to have uniform flooring on the same floor in a house.According to Brihat Samhita, if one desires the general prosperity of one’s household, one ought to opt for uniform floor levels on all sides. But as a rule, when we apply old guidelines in the modern context, we recommend that if the situation so demands or necessitates, the south-west of a floor could have the highest level and the north-east should have the lowest level. Again, the north-west may be higher than the north-east. Similarly, the south-east may be higher than the north-west but definitely lower than the south-west. This is the modern view of floor levels.

48. Is Vaastu connected to gardening or landscaping?
Vaastu and gardening or landscaping are interdependent. Gardening is an integral part of Vaastu and town planning. Our ancient sages recommend that prior to the construction of a house or building, trees have to be planted. As per the standard texts of Vaastu Shastra, small plants should be planted in the west and south. Herbal plants like tulsi, madar should be planted in the north east segment. A garden inside the house is recommended in the north-west side of the house or bungalow. The distance between the saplings should be average. Heavy leaf bearing trees such as the Ashoka, Neem and Champak may be planted in the south-west side. The plants should be enclosed by walls two to three feet in height.

49. Does Vaastu recommend a roof garden?
Vaastu teaches us to live in harmony and in conformity with nature. If the basic points of suitability of a building structure and other required facilities are taken care of, the concept of a roof garden is welcome in urban areas. This is because large and open roofs of multi-storied buildings and shopping centers are well exposed to sunlight and rain water is available. This gives rise to exciting possibilities. In this way, we can bring nature into our homes, office as well as atop multi-storied complexes easily. Inhabitants can enjoy the outdoors amidst the din and bustle of city life by sitting at home all the year round. They can keep themselves fir by cultivating habits of gardening. The supply of fresh air will increase and the flats below the roof garden will be less hot during the summers.

50. Location of toilet according to Vaastu
Toilets should be located on the western side of the north-west corner and south-east corner in the southern sector of the house. The toilet pan or seat should be on the north/south axis, which means the person using the toilet should face either south or north. The toilet seat should be affixed 1 or ½ ft. above floor level. The water points may be placed on the north-east or east corner as per availability. Placement of water taps should be avoided on the south-west wall of the toilet. The door of the toilet could be on the north or east side while the window and the ventilator may be placed on the north, east or west side. South-west, north-east and central locations for toilets should be avoided. The above points should be considered when constructing toilets with attached rooms in multi-storied apartments.

51. Location of the study
The study room may be located in the East. Alternatively, it may be located in the west. While studying, the student should face east or north. The study table should be arranged in the north-east or east side of the study room. A rectangular shaped table is ideal for studies. The main door of the study should be in the north, east or west. Doors in the south-west, north-west and south-east should be avoided. Windows in the study room should be in the east, west or northern wall. Study racks, books, stationery and other belongings may be kept in western wall or southern walls. Computer tables may be kept in the south-east and north-west corners. A green table top helps in concentration of the students. Similar is the case with a round time piece.

52. Location of the room for keeping cash
The best place for keeping cash is north. The strong room for keeping cash, jewellery, wealth and related papers and documents is north of any plot or room. This is the direction of Kuber, the lord of wealth, so this is the best place for keeping wealth. Strong room in the south-east, south-west, north-west and south should be avoided. Door of the strong room should be in the east or north walls. The almirah containing cash should be placed in such a way so that it doesn’t face the door. Heavy cash almirah should not be kept in the north-east corner. Heavy iron chest or safe maybe kept in the south-west or the northern side of the room. Heavy iron safe may also be kept in south-west corner of the bed room so as to face the north. Cash for daily expenses maybe kept on a small wooden cabinet in the north.

53. Importance of dining room in Vaastu
Dining room should be located in the west or east. Alternatively, the dining room could be located in the side. Doors of the dining room should be in the east, north or west. Drinking water should be kept in the north east of the dining room. Washbasin should be placed in the north or east side. It should be avoided in the south-east or south western side of the dining room. While eating, the head of the family should face east, while other members may face east, north or west. No family member should face south while eating. Dining table should be rectangular or octagonal. Irregular shapes like oval, round or hexagonal should be avoided. Main door of the house or that of the dining room shouldn’t face each other.

54. Where the kitchen should be located
Kitchen should be ideally located in the south-eastern corner. Alternately, north-western corner may be used for kitchen in the plain areas of West Bengal due to direction of the wind. Platform of the kitchen should be faced towards the south-east direction. Cooking gas should be placed in such a manner that while cooking, the face of the cook must face the eastern side. Facing west while cooking is the second alternative. The water filter should be kept in the north side, while the wash basin should be placed in the eastern corner. Inside the kitchen, the windows must be situated in the east and west. Exhaust fan could be placed in the east, so as to carry fumes easily. The door of the kitchen should be on the east or north. The kitchen door shouldn’t face the cooking platform.

55. Location of Master Bedroom
The master bedroom should be located in the South-West sector of the plot. This is because the South-West zone is the Earth zone, and the most stable sector in a plot. Alternatively, the South zone or the North-West may be chosen for the master bedroom. The bed should be placed in the South-West portion of the room. A minimum gap of six inches should be maintained from the walls. The doors should be on the Nort-East or the East side. The attached bath should be on the Western side of the room and never on the North-East or extreme South-West side. Almirahs containing valuable objects and cash should be placed on the North. Mirrors should not be placed opposite to the bed. The bed should be placed such that while sleeping, the head remains in the South.

56. What are the Vaastu Shastra guidelines for North-East and South-East corners of a plot?
The South-East corner of a plot should never be closed. No construction should be done on the East and South wall. If required, a room or a shed can be built leaving two feet to three feet distance from the East and South wall. In such a room, nothing should exist related to water and the water elements. This is due to the clash of two elements – water and fire. A room for the watchman and servant quarters may be constructed in this corner. In the factory, heat centres or transformers may be placed in this zone. The North-East corner should be kept open. Either corners of the wall in the North and East should be kept open for benefical infra-red rays. This corner is suitable for the water element which is the essence of life. The North-West corner should also be kept open for air.

57. Which position is suitable for the construction of a Granary-cum-Store?
The position of a Granary-cum-Store depends upon the location of the kitchen. If the kitchen is on the North-West side, it is best to construct the Granary in the North-West corner. In that case, the cooking gas or oven should be placed in the South-East corner. The ideal location for the Granary-cum-Store is the North-West room. In the store, a mezzanine floor can be constructed in either the West or the South. The Granary door should not face the South-West. There should be a window and ventilator in the East and West wall of the Store Room. Also, the store door should have two shutters. Even in modern multi-storied flats, a single door for the Granary should be avoided. The Store should never be located in the center of the house or in a flat of a multi-storied building.

58. Why does Vastu Shastra recommend the planting of trees in the premises of the house?
Vastu Shastra pays a lot of importance to the tulsi or basil plant as it is the only plant that absorbs carbon dioxide and gives out oxygen. Also, the coconut, mango, ashok, chameli, jackfruit and neem trees should be planted as they have medicinal value. Scientific tests have proved that the neem and tulsi are insect resistant while the ashok tree helps to control noise pollution. All the trees recommended radiate positive energy. However, trees that ooze milk and thorny bushes emit negative radiation. These are directly related to effective ions and the resultant energies. Tall trees are recommended in the south-west, west and south directions and smaller trees and plants recommended in the north-west, north and east. Only potted plants should be placed in the north-east so as not to obstruct the infra-red rays.

59. Where should be the main entrance located?
The happiness of the family depends upon the main entrance. The main entrance and the compound wall should be in the same horizontal line. The shadow of any tree or temple should not fall on the house from any side. The main door should always be larger and well decorated than the other doors of the house. However, in apartment, single frame doors maybe acceptable provided it opens on the right side. The main entrance should always open into the house and there should be a threshold for the main door. There should not be any obstructions, like well, TV towers, electrical poles, etc. opposite to the main door. Front doors facing east and north are preferable. For a perfect setting, two shutter doors inside the house is desirable.

60. Use of Stone
Stone used in dwelling should be uniform in colour, dense, smooth and deeply embedded in earth. It must be old and of pleasing appearance. The stone licked by wind, sun or fire should be rejected. The architect should reject too soft a stone and the one which is shaky or which has been displaced, one which is rough or which has already has been used should be discarded too. He should reject the stone with streaks, spots and flaws, one that has aged or that has grains, one which has girds or unevenly coloured, with cracks or one that does not emit any sound. A very important point to consider and follow rigidly is to do away with the unwanted hardness of the stone. A stone is usually hardened by the exfoliating effect of the weather.

61. Mahamantra before starting construction
Vedic priests, Sthapati and the owner, perform rituals before starting of the construction as well as at the time of construction. These are simply to ask blessings of the Almighty for the health, happiness and prosperity of the inmates. “Om, I bow to the holy Vaastupurusha of great strength and valour whose body rests under all dwellings, son of Brahma, upholder of the entire universe, whose head is placed to carry the burden of the earth, who makes all sites his presence, the towns and cities, temples, houses, tanks, wells, who assures all kind of fulfillment, of gracious appearance, support of the cosmos, supreme purusha, who grants boons to Indra, lords of dwellings.” Mahamantra (Yemn) at the time of construction starts as “O God! Who guards the house, recognizes us, affords us comforts and save us from diseases.

62. What is Sthapatyakala?
Derived from the Sanskrit word “Sthapa” to establish or to set to cardinal directions. Sthapatya kala deals with buildings of celestial permanence, temples – the house of the God. Since the king also represented the Lord, the royal, the royal palace was also attended by the Sthapati (the architect). If Mathematics is the ultimate expression of the conceptual arts, sciences and philosophies, all perpetual and exotic expressions culminate in architecture. Later, the institutions of merchant, priest, education, wealth, administration, etc. also have been attended by Sthapati. These are more permanent in nature and universal in expression. However, strictly speaking, these fall under Vaastu Kala, since these have human purposes. Here comes in the relevance of Vaastu Sthapatya.

63. Mandala
Mandala means configuration enclosure or network. Energy network of desired objective are also expressed graphically in the matrix form in square, triangle, hexagons or octagonal grids. Different grid mandalas are used for different purposes. 64, 81, 108 grid are common mandals for construction of house, bungalows and temples. Mandala is particular to time, place, person and purpose. It is a composite operative programme chart of all necessary overlays. It is an important part of Vaastu and the construction of the house depends a great deal on how the grids are placed. To sum up, the mantra, yantra and mandala have science technology and management techniques for discipline of mind for specific persons. They are in the holistic tradition of Vedic science and thoughts.

64. Colour Indications in Aura
At a very early period in the human history, the symbolic use of colours were made. Different coloured clothes or particular colour of flowers were used during different festivals. Colours affect human mid and body. In aura system, red is considered as sacred colour, associated with the nervous system. Dark red means a violent temper and inner turmoil in charkas. Golden shade of orange suggests self control where the brownish tint of orange indicates childish behaviour. Golden yellow indicates good health. Green aura is found in healers. Blue means a person is happy with his work, while violate indicates truth.

65. What is the relationship between Universal Elements and Cardinal Directions?
All the cardinal directions are related to the natural forces of life. Having identified this, Vaastu Shastra suggests placements and activities related to natural forces and earth zones. This give satisfactory results. The south-west direction and zone represents the Earth. It is the most stable element of nature so this should be used for heavy godowns in the industry and master bedroom in the house. The South-East zone represents fire. So, this zone should be kept aside for the furnace, boiler and transformer in an industry and the kitchen in a house. The North-East is contrary to the above. It is a cool zone and is assigned to water. It is beneficial to have an underground water storage tank, water fountain or this area should be kept open. The North-West is represented by the air elements, so stock of finished goods should be kept here.

66. How does radiation affect human beings? Does Vastu Shastra consider this aspect?
Every object in the Universe radiates some energy at its own specific frequency. Not only solids, liquids, gases, but also every molecule, tissue and cell radiate energy. Some radiate positive energy, while others radiate negative energy. The effect of the former is positive while the effect of the latter is injurious. Vastu Shastra shows ways of controlling negative energy, for instance, by testing the soil. Sources of harmful radiation in the soul, like cavities in the land, ant hills and bones of humans, must be avoided. The choice of proper site and positive construction of objects are other ways out. Vastu takes into account the five basic elements and energy concentration in different forms by using positive materials in construction.

67. Vastu texts prescribe ‘Angula’ and ‘Hasta’ as the main units of measurement. What are its equivalents in the modern times?
Our ancestors used ‘Angula’ and ‘Hasta’ for the measurement of Vastu idols and Vastu premises. An ‘Angula’ is defined as the middle phalanx of the middle finger and it works to 3 cms. In ‘Mayamata’ it is prescribed that eight barley grains placed side by side is equal to eight ‘yava’ and eight ‘yava’ is one Angula. One ‘Hasta’ is considered as 18 inches or 24 Angulas. Besides, ‘Anguala’ and ‘Hasta’, there were other units also that is, ‘Yava’ (barley corn), ‘Kishku’ (small culet), ‘Prajapatya’ (one cubit), ‘Rajju’, etc. A ‘Rajju’ is the standard length of a rope and works out to 832 Angula or 52 feet (approx.) Angula was used by artisans in making idols. Hasta and Rajju were used for measuring Vastu buildings, palaces and domestic furniture.

68. How does Vastu regulate the temperature inside the house?
Solar radiation, electro magnetic energy fields and wind velocity affect the human body and mind. The human body is such that it is able to withstand a temperature of -40°C to +40°C. But, the ideal range lies between 25°C to 35°C which is found in the Tropics. This is the reason why the Tropic of Cancer is called the “Cradle of Civilization”. Normal temperatures for both the mind and the body are between 22°C and 32°C. That is why the mountains and high altitude areas are recommended for sages as they succeed in gaining complete control over their bodily functions for meditating successfully. Vastu Shastra acts as both a protector and an energiser. So, the north-east side should have thin walls while the walls in the south-west side should be thick.

69. Why should no construction be done in the north-east direction?
The sun contains ultra-violet rays and infra-red rays. Of the seven colours that invisible light is made of, the red colour contains infra-red rays and the violet colour contains ultra-violet rays in large proportions. For six months – from December 22 to June 20 – the sun moves north. For the remaining six months – from June 21 to December 21 – the sun moves south. The direction of the sunrise changes by a few degrees. The morning sun has positive rays. So, if there is water and open space in the north-east side, they absorb the sun rays. Therefore, it is necessary to have tube wells, bore wells and underground tanks in this area. If there is a bathroom or a kitchen in the north-east side, the positive rays get contaminated and result in a loss of energy.

70. Why should you sleep with your head towards the South?
The earth revolves round the sun and, at the same time, rotates on its own axis. The magnet in the earth always points in the north-south direction. The magnetic field of the earth has a significant influence on human life. The human body itself acts as a magnet with the head as the north pole and the feet as the south pole. So, if we sleep with our feet pointing south and the head pointing north, the head as north pole moves towards the earth’s magnetic north pole causing a repulsion. This repulsion adversely affects the blood circulation. So, the heart beat changes and sleep is disturbed. The conscious mind is half awake and this leads to a state of restlessness. On the other hand, if we sleep with our head towards the south, the head as north pole is attracted to the earth’s magnetic south pole resulting in a calm state of mind and sound sleep.

71. Is Vaastu Shastra related to Philosophy?
Vaastu Shastra is an integral part of Vedic culture and philosophy. One should consider Swami Vivekananda’s word when he talks about the five elements of nature: earth, reflects God’s all-supporting nature, which means stability; water reflects sanctity and purity which means peace; fire indicates a self-luminous nature which means energy and power; air signifies the Almighty’s omnipotent which means reaching out in all directions; space denotes God’s realm of wonder where creation is abundant, which means creativity and dynamism. In this way, the five elements of nature are co-related with everything that goes on in this Universe. This view was also endorsed by Shri Aurobindo, who said that matter will reveal the face or the spirit. The practical application of the five elements of the nature is part of any philosophy.

72. Is there any relation between Vaastu and astrology ?
Vaastu and astrology both have originated from the Vedas. They are inter – dependent on each other. They both derive from other and complement each other as well. As much as five basic elements, nine planets, 12 houses and ten directions are common to both the sciences. Vaastu Shastra, while trying to find out muhurta (auspicious moments) has to depend on astrology to find out the right time and an astrologer while performing yagnas has to depend on Vaastu to have an idea of the location. While both the sciences are independent and complete by themselves, a joint study helps for a better understanding. That is why both the sciences have been incorporated into 64 basic arts and sciences as envisaged in the Vedas.

73. How did Vaastu Purusha come into existence ?
According to Hindu mythology, when Lord Shiva and demon, Andhakasura were engaged in war, a drop of sweat from Shiva’s body fell on the earth. As a result a dark – skinned boy was born. This new – born baby was hungry and began to swallow whatever was falling on earth from the battleground. Ultimately, when Andhakasura was defeated and landed on the earth, the baby swallowed his body to satiate his hunger. But to no avail. So Lord Shiva granted him a boon. He permitted the newborn baby boy to swallow everything that came his way. At this, the devtas, demons and jives were horrified. Lord Brahma, Indra, Varun, Ishwara, Agni, Vayu, Kuber, Ishan and the demons formed a nine – into – nine perfect square and held the boy upside down to prevent him from devouring the three worlds. This boy was named Vastu Purusha and was put in charge of the earth.

74. Does Vaastu principles contain recommendations of ayurveda?
Many of the basic principles of Vaastu Shastra have been recommended by the students of Ayurveda. Both Charak and Shushruta are equivocal in recommending the importance of soil, earth and directional effects. The basic recommended points are : 1) north and east directions have been paid maximum importance, 2) all the ten directions are effective for human existence and each directions have impacts on human life, 3) soil testing, examining roop, rasa, gandha and sabda are also given a lot of importance 4) kitchen is recommended to be installed at the south east direction 5) places of treatment, maternity rooms are also stressed upon. Finally Ayurveda fully recognizes the importance of space and soil.

75. The relation between Vaastu and Ayurveda
Indian philosophy originated out of the Vedas. “Prakriti” and “Purusha” are its chief characteristics. According to Samkhya philosophy of creation, the 24 elements of the universe are the following : Prakriti, Purusha, Buddhi, Ahamkar, Atman, Mana, Akash, Bayu, Agni, Jala, Prithbi, five Gyan Indriyas, five Karma Indriyas and three Gunas. Out of all these substances, the most important are the five basic elements, mana and atman. These elements are roots of Ayurveda and Vaastu Shastra. While the first one deals with the science of life the other one deals with shelter that is another necessity of human beings who live in society. These most important elements are said to be fundamental substances representing the elements producing gravity, liquidity, chemicals responsible for the creation of the universe.

76. Is Vastu limited to premises? What is its true scope?
Vastu is applicable to dwelling places of men, animals and God. So, all types of buildings – big and small – capable of human habitation comes under its purview. Others that come under its purview are : goshalas, ashwashala and hastishala (places for cows, horses and elephants). Temples, being the house of God, follow separate Vastu rules. Besides Vastu has four other elements: Bhumi Vastu (plot of land where buildings

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